One of the most important tasks in the construction process is the selection of building materials in a planned way. Construction materials can often be specified in the design stage of the building by the project architecture type. However, this prediction is only a preliminary information for Unit Price determination.
One of the most important tasks in the construction process is the selection of building materials in a planned way. Construction materials can often be specified in the design stage of the building by the project architecture type. However, this prediction is only a preliminary information for Unit Price determination. This pre-fixing is not sufficient to order the material. Material quality, quantity, size, name of the manufacturer, etc. The operations need to be properly determined. In particular, for the price and performance of the material, the builder must conduct or carry out effective research.
The Control Architect or the Engineer is also required to conduct research for the correct selection of the materials. Quantities must be determined prior to material collection. Quantities of discoveries are used when determining the amount. In case of doubt, the quantities are checked or rebuilt.
During the selection of materials, the Material Safety Information Form should be checked by request if the building material to be used is safe and does not contain any harmful elements. Objectionable construction materials; materials containing hazardous substances, work safety risks (hazardous), inconvenient waste. The selection of materials such as stone, rock, clay, sand, gravel, chippings, lime, cement, briquette, brick, gas concrete, blocks, timber, rebar, steel mesh, concrete nail, construction nail, mosaic, annealed wire. the same should be observed. Matters that determine the competence and appropriateness of rough construction materials are detailed in the General Technical Specifications of the Ministry of Public Works.
Building Materials Used in Turkey
It is an organic based building material obtained from the tree. It is one of the oldest building materials. It is a useful and natural building material. Superiority is less than other building materials.
The material obtained from powdering of the gypsum for mold removal works in buildings shows the hardening feature when combined with water. It is used in many places in the construction sector.
It is a material that is very light and easy to process. It is white like silver and a light element. Boiling point is very high. It is a good conductor of heat and electricity. Boiling point is very high. It is the most widely used metal in the world after iron and steel.
It is located in almost every building but not in every building. With the development of the construction sector, this sector has shown great improvement.
Liquid, gas etc. from one place to another seamlessly. The hollow ends of the hollow ends are cylindrical. It has a very important place in the construction sector.
Light applications that are suitable for detecting objects in an environment are defined as illumination. As the building sector develops, lighting technologies change and both economic and aesthetic lighting systems have come to the fore.
Dyes with a colored liquid composition are composed of organic, metallic or plastic based pigments, binders and diluents. In the construction sector, material surfaces are used for protection, decoration and lighting purposes.
It is obtained by melting the silica sand with potash or soda and melting in high temperature. Waterproof, hard, transparent, easy to break. It has been used intensively in the construction industry for a long time.
It is a material commonly used as binder material. The cement entering into the powder group becomes binding after being combined with water. The solidification varies depending on the conditions. It is one of the building materials of the construction industry.
Iron and Steel
They are important materials for the structural component of buildings. Slip in reinforced concrete structures and so on. To meet the stresses, it is called specially formed materials which are put into the concrete.
It is a community of minerals. The stones suitable for use in construction works are called natural building stones. It is used extensively in foundations, walls, floors and roof coverings.
It is a lighter building material than other building materials. Approximately 85% consists of pores with compressed air. It is versatile and has a wide usage area.
It is a durable material with high compressive strength. Aggregate is a composite construction material which takes the shape of the desired mold by mixing the cement and water.
Heating, Cooling, Ventilation
Air conditioning, heating installation and so on. these systems should be integrated into the buildings designed for the climates in order for people to live more comfortably in their homes.
Elements that protect the upper parts of the buildings from the outside wind, rain and snow are called the roof. It is generally made of wood, steel and reinforced concrete.
It is a white colored binder substance which is formed by baking the limestone after solidity when it is mixed with water. It is used in many fields in the building industry.
Plastic needs are not something to be met in nature. It occurs by combining various elements. Plastics can be molded and shaped as desired. In the construction sector, plumbing, plastic flooring, PVC floor coverings etc. used in materials.
It is an inorganic compound formed by combining one or more metals with a non-metallic element at high temperature. General usage areas; Brick, Tiles, Tiles, Porcelain etc.
Brick and Tile
It is a building material which is formed by baking and drying clay based soil. It is used in wall construction by attaching to each other with binders.
In today's buildings; heat insulation, waterproofing, sound insulation, roof insulation, etc. serious energy savings can be achieved with applications. Some thermal insulation materials in our country; Glasswool, Rockwool, EPS and XPS insulation materials.